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# float_zone

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# float_zone

{ FLOAT_ZONE.PDE

This example illustrates time-dependent axi-symmetric heat flow with a

moving source.

A rod of conductive material of unit radius and "long" units length

is clamped to a heat sink at either end.  An RF coil passes the

length of the rod, creating a moving heat source of gaussian profile.

This produces a moving melt zone which carries impurities with it as it moves.

A cam adjusts the source amplitude by 200/(t+199) to produce an approximately

constant maximum temperature.

}

title

"Float Zone"

coordinates

xcylinder('Z','R')

select

cubic     { Use Cubic Basis }

variables

temp(threshold=100)

definitions

k = 0.85     { thermal conductivity }

cp = 1       { heat capacity }

long = 18

H = 0.4       { free convection boundary coupling }

Ta = 25       { ambient temperature }

A = 4500     { amplitude }

source = A*exp(-((z-1*t)/.5)^2)*(200/(t+199))

initial value

temp = Ta

equations

temp : div(k*grad(temp)) + source = cp*dt(temp)

boundaries

region 1

start(0,0)

natural(temp) = 0 line to (long,0)

value(temp) = Ta line to (long,1)

natural(temp) = -H*(temp - Ta) line to (0,1)

value(temp) = Ta line to close

feature

start(0.01*long,0) line to (0.01*long,1)

time -0.5 to 19 by 0.01

monitors

for t = -0.5 by 0.5 to (long + 1)

elevation(temp) from (0,1) to (long,1) range=(0,1800) as "Surface Temp"

contour(temp)

plots

for t = -0.5 by 0.5 to (long + 1)

elevation(temp) from (0,0) to (long,0) range=(0,1800) as "Axis Temp"

histories

history(temp) at (0,0) (1,0) (2,0) (3,0) (4,0) (5,0) (6,0) (7,0) (8,0)

(9,0) (10,0) (11,0) (12,0) (13,0) (14,0) (15,0) (16,0)

(17,0) (18,0)

end